Sunday, October 21, 2007

Cognitive psychology
Abnormal Biological Cognitive Developmental Emotion Evolutionary Legal Neuropsychology Personality Positive Psychophysics Social Transpersonal
Clinical Educational Forensic Health Industrial/Org Sport
Publications Topics Therapies
Brain-computer interfacesBrain damage Brain regionsClinical neuropsychology Cognitive neuroscienceHuman brain Mind and BrainNeuroanatomy NeurophysiologyPhrenology Popular misconceptions arousalattention concentrationconsciousness decision-makingexecutive functions languagelearningmemory motor coordinationperception planningproblem solving thinking Arthur L. BentonAntonio DamasioKenneth Heilman Phineas GageNorman GeschwindElkhonon Goldberg Donald HebbAlexander LuriaMuriel D. LezakBrenda Milner Karl PribramOliver Sacks Roger Sperry
Bender-Gestalt Test Benton Visual Retention Test Clinical Dementia Rating Continuous Performance Task Hayling and Brixton tests Lexical decision task Mini mental state examination Stroop task Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Glasgow Coma Score Wisconsin card sorting task
Cognitive psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. It had its foundations in the Gestalt psychology of Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Koffka, and in the work of Jean Piaget, who studied intellectual development in children. Cognitive psychologists are interested in how people understand, diagnose, and solve problems, concerning themselves with the mental processes which mediate between stimulus and response. Cognitive theory contends that solutions to problems take the form of algorithms—rules that are not necessarily understood but promise a solution, or heuristics—rules that are understood but that do not always guarantee solutions. In other instances, solutions may be found through insight, a sudden awareness of relationships.

Knowledge representation
Numerical cognition

Attention and Filter theories (the ability to focus mental effort on specific stimuli whilst excluding other stimuli from consideration)
Pattern recognition (the ability to correctly interpret ambiguous sensory information)
Object recognition
Time sensation (awareness and estimation of the passage of time)
Category induction and acquisition
Categorical judgement and classification
Category representation and structure
Similarity (psychology)
Aging and memory
Autobiographical memory
Constructive memory
Emotion and memory
Episodic memory
False memories
Flashbulb memory
List of memory biases
Long-term memory
Semantic memory
Spaced repetition
Source monitoring
Working memory
Mental imagery
Propositional encoding
Imagery versus proposition debate
Dual-coding theories
Mental models
Grammar and linguistics
Phonetics and phonology
Language acquisition
Choice (see also: Choice theory)
Concept formation
Decision making
Judgment and decision making
Logic, formal and natural reasoning
Problem solving See also

Important publications in cognitive psychology

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