The Orlando Magic is a professional basketball team based in Orlando, Florida. They play in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The Magic have played at Amway Arena near downtown Orlando since their inception in 1989. It was originally known as Orlando Arena (nicknamed the "O-Rena"), and recently known as TD Waterhouse Centre from 1999–2006. In December 2006, the naming rights were bought by Amway. It is also the home field of the Orlando Predators of the Arena Football League (and is then nicknamed "The Jungle")
On September 29, 2006, after years of on-and-off negotiations, Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer and the Magic announced an agreement on a new arena in downtown Orlando. The arena received its final approval on July 26, 2007. The new 18,500-seat arena will be located at the southwest corner of Church Street and Hughey Avenue, with construction starting in early 2008 and is estimated to cost around $480 million.
The Magic will be contributing $114 million in cash and up-front lease payments and guaranteeing $100 million of the bonds to be used to pay for the facility. It is part of the "Triple Crown For Downtown", a $1.05-billion plan to redo the Orlando Centroplex with a new arena, a new $375-million performing arts center, and a $175-million expansion of the Citrus Bowl. The Magic are anticipating that it will be completed prior to the 2010-2011 regular season opener. City officials said once the new arena is complete, the Amway Arena probably will be torn down.
NBA Commissioner David Stern promised Orlando would host an All Star Weekend once the arena is built. He cited the city's agreeable year-round climate, the presence of theme parks and other tourist destinations, and an abundant supply of hotels.
New Orlando Magic Arena
The Orlando Magic officially entered the NBA as an expansion franchise in 1989. Led by a local businessman, Jimmy Hewitt and former Philadelphia 76ers general manager Pat Williams, the Magic hired Matt Guokas as the team's first coach. The inaugural team compiled a record of 18–64 with players including Reggie Theus (the current head coach of the Sacramento Kings), Scott Skiles (now current coach of the Chicago Bulls), Terry Catledge, Sam Vincent, Otis Smith (now current general manager of the Magic), and Jerry Reynolds. In the club's first draft in 1989, the Magic chose Nick Anderson with the 11th pick in the first round.
The club's first game was on November 4, 1989, at the Orlando Arena (O-Rena). Despite playing a hard-fought game, the visiting New Jersey Nets won 111- 106. The Magic's first victory came 2 days later, as the Magic defeated the New York Knicks 118–110.
In the 1990 NBA Draft, the Orlando Magic selected Dennis Scott with the fourth overall pick. Scott, known as a sharpshooter, helped the Magic compile a 31–51 record. Combined with the fast-paced energy style of Skiles, who was named the NBA's Most Improved Player at the end of the season, the Magic heralded the NBA's most improved record that season.
1992 was a disappointing season for the Magic, who struggled through a 17-game losing streak.
The club's history was changed dramatically with the 1992 NBA Draft. With the first overall pick, the Magic selected big-man Shaquille O'Neal from Louisiana State University. O'Neal, a 7 ft 1 in center, made an immediate impact on the Magic, leading the club to a 41–41 record. The Magic again were the NBA's most improved franchise, and O'Neal garnered All-Star starter status and the 1992-1993 NBA Rookie of the Year Award. However, the Magic missed that year's playoffs, because they were tied with the Indiana Pacers for the 8th (and final) playoff spot in the Eastern Conference and because the Pacers won the tiebreaker.
Missing out on the playoffs had a silver lining: despite having the NBA's best non-playoff record (and thereby the least chance of gaining the top draft pick with only one ball in the lottery machine), the Magic once again won the NBA draft lottery. In the draft, the Magic selected Chris Webber, but traded him to the Golden State Warriors for the number three pick, guard Anfernee Hardaway (known as "Penny" Hardaway) and three future first-round draft picks. Prior to the draft, Guokas stepped down as head coach, and Brian Hill was promoted to become the Magic's second coach. Also, General Manager Pat Williams was replaced by John Gabriel.
With the lethal combination of O'Neal and Hardaway, the Magic became a dominant team in the NBA, compiling the first 50 win season in franchise history with a 50–32 record. The Magic were in the playoffs for the first time, ranked the fourth seed in the Eastern Conference. However, the underdog Pacers team swept the Magic 3–0 in the first round, thus ending the Magic's season.
However, in the 1994-95 season, the Magic's sixth season, after acquiring rebounder Horace Grant as a free agent from the Chicago Bulls, Orlando compiled a 57–25 record, best in the East and winning the Atlantic Division title. In the playoffs, the Magic defeated the Boston Celtics, Chicago Bulls, and the Indiana Pacers, advancing to the NBA Finals. The Houston Rockets, though, ended Orlando's dream of a championship by sweeping Orlando 4–0 in the Finals to take the crown.
In the 1995-96 season, the Magic again were near the top of the Eastern Conference and the Atlantic Division with a 60–22 record, led by O'Neal and Hardaway. However, the Magic were seeded number two, behind the amazing 72-10 record the Chicago Bulls accumulated under Michael Jordan. In the playoffs, after the Magic defeated the Detroit Pistons and the Atlanta Hawks, Orlando met the Bulls in the Eastern Conference finals. The combination of Jordan, Scottie Pippen and rebounder Dennis Rodman as well as Toni Kukoc was too much for the Magic, and Orlando was swept 4-0 in the Eastern Conference finals.
The Shaq era
In the offseason, O'Neal left as a free agent to the Los Angeles Lakers, dealing a huge blow to the Magic franchise. However, the Magic still managed to compile a 45–37 record, led by Hardaway, Darrell Armstrong, the team's emotional leader, and newly-acquired free agent Rony Seikaly. In the playoffs, the Magic came close to stunning the heavily favored Miami Heat in the first round, extending the series to a decisive game five, even after losing the first two games. In the middle of the season, though, urged by player discontent, management fired coach Brian Hill and named Richie Adubato as interim coach for the rest of the season.
The Magic then hired Chuck Daly to be head coach for the 1997-98 season. In addition, Hall of Famer Julius Erving joined the Magic's front office, giving Orlando immense hope for a successful season. However, the season was hampered by injuries, as Hardaway sat out the majority of the season . Anderson, combined with newly acquired free agent Bo Outlaw, led the team to a respectable 41–41 record, just out of reach of the NBA playoffs. In addition, Rony Seikaly was traded during the season to the New Jersey Nets for three role players and a future draft pick.
In 1998-99, with the acquisition of Matt Harpring and Michael Doleac and a healthy Hardaway and Anderson, the Magic tied for the Eastern Conference's best record in the lockout-shortened season, 33–17. Armstrong again led the team emotionally, winning the NBA's Sixth-Man and Most Improved Player awards. In addition, Orlando also acquired NBA great Dominique Wilkins, along with brother Gerald, who were past their primes but were both still very good. In the playoffs, though, the Magic were seeded number 3 because of tiebreakers and faced the Philadelphia 76ers. The 76ers, led by Allen Iverson, upset the Magic 3–1 in the first round.
In 1999, the Magic, under General Manager John Gabriel, who was later named Executive of the Year, hired rookie-coach Doc Rivers. Gabriel dismantled the previous team trading their only remaining superstar Anfernee Hardaway to the Phoenix Suns for Danny Manning (who never donned a Magic uniform), Pat Garrity and two future draft picks. The Magic were then a team virtually comprised of all no name players and little experience which included team captain Armstrong, Bo Outlaw and a young Ben Wallace, along with Coach Rivers led the Magic to a 41–41 record, barely missing out on the playoffs. At the end of the season Rivers was named Coach of the Year by the NBA. This year was characterized by the slogan "Heart and Hustle", as the team was known for its hard-working style.
After beginning the season strong with a 13–4 record, the Orlando Magic began to suffer in the standings as the result of multiple losses, due in large part to the injuries of Tony Battie, Trevor Ariza, Keyon Dooling, and Grant Hill. The Magic were also hampered with the sporadic play of many of their young stars, who on multiple occasions showed their propensity for streaky shooting and the team's lack of a solid scoring two-guard. Despite the team's poor play, Dwight Howard continued to develop and blossom in his third year in the league, culminating in his first selection to the Eastern Conference All-Star team. The final few weeks of the season saw the Magic build momentum and confidence with an impressive late push towards the Playoffs. On April 15, 2007, with an 88–86 victory over the Boston Celtics, the Magic secured its first berth in the NBA Playoffs since 2003 by locking up the 8th seed in the Eastern Conference. This marked the first time that the team had made the playoffs while posting a losing record. Nevertheless, their Playoff run ended on April 28, 2007 after they were swept in the first round by first seeded Detroit Pistons whose experience, veteran leadership and ability to consistently make the clutch basket proved far too much for the undermanned and overwhelmed Magic to overcome. It was announced on May 23, 2007, that Brian Hill had been fired as head coach of the Magic.
On June 1, 2007, Billy Donovan was named the new head coach of the Magic, whose rights they obtained from the Phoenix Suns the night of the 2005 NBA Draft.
The Magic participated in the NBA's "Hardwood Classics" campaign in 2003, debuting the retro black away jerseys from 1989 during Christmas Day. It was a little unusual to call the uniform a "retro" since the Magic wore them as recently as 1997-1998, however they have already had three jersey designs in only 15 seasons of play. The following season, they wore the 1994-95 blue alternates for "Hardwood Classics" and in 2005-06, they wore the home pinstriped jerseys from the inaugural year. In 2006-07, the Magic wore the black away retro jerseys again for "Hardwood Classics."
Bo Outlaw is the only Magic player to have worn all of the Magic jersey designs, and during 2005-2006 "Hardwood Classics," he was the only player on the roster to wear the home pinstriped jersey when it was still the current uniform, having joined the team in 1997 (last season of the pinstripes.) He repeated the same feat in 2006, wearing the black pinstriped jersey.
1989-90, 1997-98 — The home jerseys were white with black pinstripes, and black numbers with blue trim. The Magic logo on the jersey was blue with black trim. The road jerseys were black with white pinstripes, and blue numbers with white trim. The Magic logo on the jersey was the city name ("Orlando") and it was white with blue trim.
1994-95 — The Magic unveiled an alternate blue road jersey, with white pinstripes. It had white numbers with black trim and the Magic logo was the city name ("Orlando") logo with black trim.
1998-99, 2002-03 — For the Magic's 10th anniversary they introduced a new look designed by fashion designer Jhane Barnes. They removed the pinstripes, but the silky home and away uniforms featured stars as the background. The home jersey is white, with blue Magic logo and numbers with black trim. The blue away uniforms had a white Magic logo (the team dropped the city name for the road uniform) and numbers with black trim.
2003–present — For the team's 15th anniversary, the Magic opted for a cleaner look this time. The home jerseys were white and the Magic logo was blue with silver and black trim. The away jersey reverted back to the city name, and is blue. The logo and numbers are white with black trim. Uniforms history
Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, % = Win-Loss %
Players of note
Chuck Daly (former coach)
Dominique Wilkins (played only briefly with Magic)
Julius Erving (enshrined before joining Magic as executive VP) Basketball Hall of Famers
6 - "The Sixth Man - The Fans" (this was unretired in 2001-2002 for Patrick Ewing.)
Stan Van Gundy (SUNY-Brockport*)
Brendan Malone (Iona*)
Steve Clifford (Maine*)
Patrick Ewing (Georgetown)
Bob Beyer (Alfred*)
(C) Team captain
(DP) Draft pick
(FA) Free agent
Injured Current roster
Charles 'Bo' Outlaw
Bison Dele (aka Brian Williams)
Doug Christie Additional players of note
Dee Brown List of Magic players who previously starred with other teams
Coaches and others
Team Captain: Currently vacant
General Manager: Otis Smith
Assistant General Manager: Dave Twardzik Staff
Head Coach: Stan Van Gundy
- Patrick Ewing
Steve Clifford Current coaching staff
Resigned after only 4 days as Orlando Magic head coach.
Stats Current as of June 5, 2007
All-time head coaches
Minutes Played: Nick Anderson (22,440)
Field Goals Made: Nick Anderson (4,075)
Field Goal Attempts: Nick Anderson (8,976)
3-Point Field Goals Made: Dennis Scott (981)
3-Point Field Goal Attempts: Nick Anderson (2,480)
Free Throws Made: Tracy McGrady (1,819)
Free Throw Attempts: Shaquille O'Neal (2,936)
Total Rebounds: Shaquille O'Neal (3,691)
Assists: Scott Skiles (2,776)
Steals: Nick Anderson (1,004)
Blocked Shots: Shaquille O'Neal (824)
Personal Fouls: Nick Anderson (1,354)
Points: Nick Anderson (10,650) Career
Points: Tracy McGrady (32.1)
Rebounds: Shaquille O'Neal, Dwight Howard (12.5)
Assists: Scott Skiles (7.2)
Steals: Penny Hardaway (1.94)
Blocked shots: Shaquille O'Neal (3.1) Per game averages
Most points in one game with 62 (Tracy McGrady on March 10, 2004 vs. Washington Wizards)
Most points in one half with 37 in the first half (Tracy McGrady on March 9, 2003 vs. Denver Nuggets)
Most points in one quarter with 25 in the second quarter (Tracy McGrady on March 9, 2003 vs. Denver Nuggets)
Most free throws made in one game with 18 (Tracy McGrady on December 25, 2002 vs. Detroit Pistons)
Most points in a playoff game with 46 (Tracy McGrady in Game 2 of the 2003 Eastern Conference playoffs, First Round vs. Detroit Pistons)
Most assist made in one game with 30 (Scott Skiles on December 20, 1992 vs. Denver Nuggets) Individual records
NBA Rookie of the Year
NBA Sixth Man of the Year
NBA Most Improved Player of the Year
NBA Coach of the Year
NBA Executive of the Year
All-NBA First Team
All-NBA Second Team
All-NBA Third Team
NBA All-Defensive First Team
NBA All-Defensive Second Team
NBA Rookie First Team
NBA Rookie Second Team
Shaquille O'Neal - 1993
Mike Miller - 2001
Darrell Armstrong - 1999
Scott Skiles - 1991
Darrell Armstrong - 1999
Tracy McGrady - 2001
Doc Rivers - 2000
John Gabriel - 2000
Anfernee Hardaway - 1995, 1996
Tracy McGrady - 2002, 2003
Shaquille O'Neal - 1995
Tracy McGrady - 2001, 2004
Shaquille O'Neal - 1994, 1996
Anfernee Hardaway - 1997
Dwight Howard - 2007
Horace Grant - 1995, 1996
Dennis Scott - 1991
Shaquille O'Neal - 1993
Anfernee Hardaway - 1994
Matt Harpring - 1999
Mike Miller - 2001
Drew Gooden - 2003
Dwight Howard - 2005
Stanley Roberts - 1992
Michael Doleac - 1999
Chucky Atkins - 2000
Gordan Giricek - 2003
Jameer Nelson - 2005 Individual awards
Miami and Orlando not only share a home state, but also several starting centers throughout their history.The most prominent one is Shaquille O'Neal, but also Doleac, Seikaly, and Danny Schayes. When Shaq bolted for LA, the Magic traded for former Heat center Seikaly and he was the starting center for two years, succeeded by Schayes, and then Doleac. Current Head Coach of the Orlando Magic, Stan Van Gundy was also the Head Coach for the Miami Heat 2003-2005. The Heat also signed former Magic star Penny Hardaway in 2007, reuniting him with Shaquille O'Neal. Orlando Magic and Miami Heat connection
Like the Chicago Bulls and Utah Jazz, the Magic have a team rule that prohibits the wearing of headbands by its players during games. Other
The Magic did not have a lottery pick in 1997, but five lottery picks went on to become Magic players. In 1999, the Magic traded Nick Anderson for #11 pick Tariq Abdul-Wahad. Wahad was then traded to Denver in 2000 for #3 Chauncey Billups and #6 Ron Mercer (who were both Boston Celtics lottery picks that year). In the offseason, the Magic signed free agent Tracy McGrady, the #9 pick. In 2004, the Magic acquired #5 Tony Battie. Other players from the 1997 first round became members of the Magic - besides their own choice Johnny Taylor, these players eventually played for the team - #15 Kelvin Cato (2004), #21 Anthony Parker (1999), and #27 Jacque Vaughn (2002). 1997 NBA Draft
1992 Shaquille O'Neal (1992-1996)
1993 Chris Webber (traded for Anfrenee 'Penny' Hardaway)
2004 Dwight Howard (2004- ) Reference
List of current NBA players